Georgia is a small country located in the Caucasus’ region where the art of winemaking was first discovered over 8,000 years ago. Aside from the breathtaking scenery, Georgia is mostly known for having some of the most diverse and unique grape varieties found on Earth. In comparison to European grape varieties, Georgian grape varieties tend to have thicker skins and are more resistant to diseases, making them well-suited for the hot and dry climate of Georgia.
One of the most famous and distinctive Georgian grape varieties is the Saperavi, which is known for its deep red color and tannic structure. It is often used to produce full-bodied red wines that are known for their long
aging potential. Another well-known Georgian grape variety is the Rkatsiteli, which is known for its high acidity and is often used to produce crisp white wines.
Georgia is also home to a number of ancient and rare grape varieties, such as the Ojaleshi and the Tsolikouri, which are only found in specific regions of the country. These grape varieties have been passed down through generations and are carefully cultivated to preserve their unique flavors and characteristics.
In conclusion, Georgian grape varieties differ from European grape varieties in their resistance to diseases, thicker skins, and unique flavor profiles. These characteristics make Georgian wines very distinct, unique, and highly sought-after wines by wine enthusiasts globally.